The procedure for intrauterine insemination (IUI) is known for a long time and is much “high-tech” method compared to some other methods of assisted reproduction.
When performing IUI prepared sperm is injected into preheated woman’s uterus during ovulation, sperm that were closer to the egg.
This procedure is often accompanied by taking drugs to stimulate ovulation.
To Whom helps this treatment?
IUI can help couples where a partner or a small number of sperm have low mobility, but normal motility sufficient to procedure gave positive results. In other cases, it will be better to do IVF (in vitro fertilization) and ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection). Clinics use different criteria to determine whether the quality of sperm requirements for IUI.
Because the sperm is injected directly into the woman’s body, IUI can also help couples who can not have sexual intercourse because of a disability, injury or other causes, such as premature ejaculation.
Intrauterine insemination is also recommended for women with small forms of endometriosis. IUI is also often used as a first step in the treatment of infertility of unknown etiology.
Women who do not have a partner, can also use this procedure because donor sperm insemination clinic has a number of advantages over the self-insemination at home.
Advantages of insemination
This procedure can be an effective solution for men with low sperm count or they have poor mobility in cases where the sperm can not reach the egg. Carrying intrauterine insemination is also suitable to couples when sperm husband does not pass through the cervical mucus, for example, because of a possible immune response. And this procedure is possible only if the woman fallopian tubes are passable.
If men do not produce sperm, or if a woman wants to conceive a child without a husband, can be used donor sperm. The undoubted advantage of treatment in the clinic for IUI in this case would be the fact that donor sperm is properly checked for the presence of infections such as HIV and hepatitis. If the child was conceived using frozen sperm, the legal rights and responsibilities do not extend to the child’s biological father.
Disadvantages of insemination
Since the time of insemination is extremely important, your partner should be prepared to have to collect semen by masturbation in the clinic. The procedure may also cause discomfort to the woman if there are difficulties in catheter insertion. Furthermore, when possible insemination cramping like menstrual.
During the stimulated cycle, there is a risk of this potentially dangerous conditions such as ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS). It occurs when your ovaries over-react to drugs that stimulate ovulation. The ovaries are rapidly increasing in size several times and can begin to secrete a fluid into the abdominal cavity, causing the woman begins to gain weight, and notes the feeling of fullness and bloated.
If you feel that you have ovarian hyperstimulation, it is vital to see a doctor. You might have to go to the hospital and stay there for as long as the ovaries are reduced to normal size. Your doctor may recommend cancel IUI in this cycle because of the high probability of multiple pregnancy. To learn more, read our article about the symptoms of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).